Violeta Chamorro founded her administration on the principle of national reconciliation. She is credited with leading the country through the transition from war to peace, stabilizing the economy, and initiating a market economy. In the 1850s, the nation’s independence became vulnerable as a result of the gold rush in California. Thousands of hopeful prospectors from the United States made their way to California through Nicaragua; this route was quicker and safer than crossing the continental United States. At this time, Nicaragua became the subject of a rivalry between the United States and Britain.

Three of the plaintiffs agreed to come to the US to take part in the reading. The Central American Bank for Economic Integration is providing financial support for six projects in Nicaragua to provide better energy coverage, access and distribution. IHSC ensures the provision of necessary medical care services as required by ICE Performance-Based National Detention Standards and based on the medical needs of the individual. Comprehensive medical care is provided from the moment individuals arrive and throughout the entirety of their stay. Pursuant to our commitment to the welfare of those in the agency’s custody, ICE annually spends more than $315 million on the spectrum of healthcare services provided to people in ICE custody. The bulk of social welfare programs coincided with the 1979 Sandinista triumph. Declaring 1980 the year of literacy, the Sandinista government successfully launched a volunteer literacy campaign, focused on the countryside, to teach anyone over ten years old to read.

What our sister organizations have given us in return cannot be quantified. They have taught us that despair is a luxury and that hope is a rational response to hardship if we can join together with others to create change.

  • The status of men and women has changed since the revolution of the 1980s.
  • In 1978, the industrial sector shrank due to political and economic problems.
  • The Chamorro administration agreed to International Monetary Fund and World Bank standards aimed at weaning the country off its dependency on foreign aid.
  • She was even more terrified of the potential legal repercussions that she could face for violating the total ban on abortion.

With the previous experience in mind, when one member discovered the issue, she had the strength and skills to stand up for the rights of the group. As The Red was learning to circulate the money, it was discovered during an assembly that one of the leaders took an unauthorized loan. Gilda facilitated a series of discussions with the women, who decided how to transition the leadership, and a payment schedule for the woman involved. They conducted annual assemblies to share their work and learnings, and the groups individually continued to receive grants from Mary’s Pence. With the goal of increasing local ownership and leadership, Mary’s Pence transitioned responsibility for follow-up with the grantees to the local organizational leaders. “At the heart of our work are the women,” explains Gilda Larios, ESPERA Team Lead.

Hand of nutritionist using oximeter on finger of female patient…. Though the women’s movement now occupies a noncontroversial place in the revolutionary process, it had a beginning full of conflict. Many women returning to husbands immediately after the war battled to maintain the equality they had won in the field, and a large number of divorces resulted. „The women in the organization do not have a decent salary, because we do not have the capital,” she said. PROCAGICA has supported them with 70% of the cost for the acquisition of inputs aimed at the productive recovery of the coffee plantations.


It is the largest global organization that works to prevent torture and abuse of all sorts by educating and empowering women in developing countries. Misinformation about abusive relationships is very common among Nicaraguan women. Organizations like this allow women to escape this kind of relationship.

Gender data gaps and country performance

On 22 September, he suspended the Nicaraguan laws against slavery in order to gain support from the southern states in America and declared English to be the country’s official language. His government was formally recognized by the United States that year. Then, in a reversal of alliance, Cornelius Vanderbilt backed a coalition of Central American states who fought against Walker. In 1857, Walker returned to Tennessee briefly and then sailed to Nicaragua again with more followers. There he was taken prisoner by the British and turned over to Honduran authorities, who tried and executed him on 12 September 1860.

For Indigenous women, these radios are an important lifeline to safety. One such notable initiative is the Zero Usury program, that provides financing at an annual interest rate of 2 percent to women entrepreneurs, farmers, and producers. Women are also given quick access to credit and without the risk of being dispossessed of their land or belongings. Since 2007, the Zero Usury program has provided one or more loans to over a half million women in Nicaragua. In the build-up to the Sandinista revolution, the ATC was founded with the goal of organizing peasants and farm workers in defense of their rights as well as to improve living conditions in the countryside. Shortly after the historical triumph, they made the decision to found the ATC’s Women’s Secretariat (later adding the ‘Movimiento de Mujeres del Campo’/MMC or Rural Women’s Movement).

In the Nicaraguan context, political and sociocultural institutions support unequal power relations between genders. Machismo is one such form of structural violence that perpetuates gender inequality and has been identified as a barrier to SRH promotion in Nicaragua. The term ‘machismo’ is most commonly used to describe male behaviors that are sexist, hyper masculine, chauvinistic, or violent towards women.